Mutations in DNA (w/ MyBulletpoints included)

GREAT VIDEOS TO VIEW ON GENETIC MUTATIONS, WATCH ALL FOR COMPLETE UNDERSTANDING:







MY BULLET POINTS:

NUCLEOTIDES -> CODONS -> AMINO ACIDS

BASE MUTATION/ POINT MUTATION
  1. ONE NUCLEOTIDE CHANGE
  2. CODON CHANGE
SILENT MUTATION
  1. ONE NUCLEOTIDE CHANGE
  2. CODON CHANGE
  3. CREATES SAME AMINO ACID
NONSENSE MUTATION
  1. ONE NUCLEOTIDE CHANGE
  2. CODON CHANGE
  3. CREATE STOP CODON
  4. TRANSLATION STOP IN MIDDLE OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
  5. CREATES PROTEIN FRAGMENT- DIFFERENT PROTEIN FUNCTION
MISSENSE MUTATION
  1. ONE NUCLEOTIDE CHANGE
  2. CODON CHANGE
  3. CREATE DIFFERENT AMINO ACID
    1. EXAMPLE: SICKLE CELL
FRAMESHIFT MUTATION
  1. ONE OR MULTIPLE NUCLEOTIDE CHANGE
  2. CHANGES DNA READING

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